Study identifies 3 sports with highest concussion rates
The study included data on 9,542 concussions from 20 high school sports between the 2013-14 and 2017-18 school years. Among all sports, the overall concussion rate was 4.17 per 10,000 athlete exposures (AEs), according to the study. The top three sports were:
- Football: 10.4 concussions per 10,000 AEs.
- Girls soccer: 8.19 concussions per 10,000 AEs.
- Boys ice hockey: 7.69 concussions per 10,000 AEs.
The study found that 63.7% of all concussions occurred during competition. Rates of concussion during competitions increased from 33.19 to 39.07 concussions per 10,000 athletic exposures, signaling a need for continued prevention strategies. In all sports, recurrent concussion rates decreased (0.47 to 0.28 per 10,000 AEs).
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The study used data from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study (High School Reporting Information Online). It also looked at concussion rates in other high school sports, including boys wrestling, soccer, basketball, baseball, cross country, ice hockey, lacrosse, swimming/diving, and track and field; girls volleyball, soccer, basketball, softball, cross country, field hockey, lacrosse, swimming/diving, and track and field; and co-ed cheerleading. Among sex-comparable sports (soccer, basketball, baseball/softball, cross country, track, swimming), concussion rates were higher in girls than boys (3.35 versus 1.51 per 10,000 AEs).
The study authors said future research should continue to monitor trends and examine the effect of ongoing concussion prevention strategies in high school sports. All 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia now have legislation related to concussion management.
Learn more about the Pediatrics study.